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New Zealand Herald

July 26, 2003


Holocaust thesis ruined my life says historian

By Angela Gregory

HISTORIAN Joel Hayward says he wishes he never wrote the thesis that challenged conventional views of the Holocaust, and thought at the time that it may have been "a piece of junk".

Joel HaywardHe told the Herald he remains haunted by his controversial masters thesis, which appalled the Jewish community late in 1999.

It queried the gassing of Jews, underestimated the numbers killed, and found no evidence of an extermination plan.

Dr Hayward says that even in the year he wrote it - 1991 - he was concerned that the thesis may have been flawed.

This week, the thesis was back in the news after copies of a University of Canterbury journal containing an article describing the "witch hunt" of Dr Hayward were destroyed.

The university said it was potentially defamatory and inaccurate.

The author, Dr Thomas Fudge, resigned in disgust and the History Now editor, Associate Professor Ian Campbell, was effectively dumped.

Dr Hayward says the university's action was unconscionable. He thought the Fudge article was "bang on".

"Anyone who reads the piece will know the price I paid was too high."

Despite having apologised, admitted his mistakes, and surviving an inquiry which considered stripping him of his masters degree, Dr Hayward remains vilified in the academic community.

He admits his thesis choice, which "ruined my life", was foolish and too ambitious for a masters student.

"I could have had better advice from the history department."

At the time, he was warmly disposed to the Zionist cause.

He had recently returned from Israel and passionately believed in a Jewish state. It struck him as unusual that revisionists could say the Holocaust didn't happen.

After finishing the thesis in 1991, Dr Hayward was worried it was no good. In an unusual step, he had written it before completing requisite honours papers. He wanted to work from home that year to help care for a sick child.

"I think that was the first of a lot of errors ... because when I did the papers the next year I learned a lot about the proper principles of historical research and inquiry ... making sense of truth, objectivity and bias."

After earning an A-plus for the thesis and completing the honours papers, for which he earned top grades, he graduated in 1993 with an MA in history.

The thesis was initially embargoed for three years - because of threats it would be stolen, Dr Hayward says - then for another three years by the university.

Dr Hayward says that in 1999, the thesis came into the hands of Jewish scholars, who were disgusted by its contents.

He started receiving emails "full of hatred", to which he replied that he had never intended to hurt anyone, and no longer agreed with its contents. He wrote an addendum admitting his errors. He also wrote a letter to the Jewish Chronicle apologising for the distress he had caused.

But the malicious calls and emails kept coming, and he has had death threats.

Dr Hayward says he is not making accusations against the Jewish community but believes "one or two very nasty people" agitated to present a story that was not true.

In 2000, the Jewish Council complained to the university, calling for the thesis to be withdrawn from the library and Dr Hayward to be stripped of his degree.

An inquiry, led by retired judge Sir Ian Barker, summoned Dr Hayward.

He says the inquiry, which found his thesis faulty and conclusion unworthy, arrived at a compromise solution.

"I was a very naughty man but not quite so that they could take my degree ... It left me feeling humiliated and aggrieved and the Jewish Council unfulfilled."

The drama has cost Dr Hayward the job he was enjoying at Massey University teaching defence and strategic studies.

He has had two nervous breakdowns and now lives on a sickness benefit, selling his book collection to keep the family afloat.

When Dr Hayward heard there was to be an article about him in the May issue of the history journal he cringed. But since the publicity, he has had a flood of support from academics and former students who did not realise the toll it had taken.

He remains stunned at Canterbury University's actions. He suspects that the Canterbury academics did not want it known they had failed to stand up for him.

Despite his regrets, Dr Hayward says no topic is taboo. "That's what our democracy allows us."



Our dossier on the Joel Hayward case
July 2003: Profile in NZ Sunday Star Times: "Death threats and breakdowns - the Holocaust thesis destroyed my life"
Report of the Working Party established by University of Canterbury to Inquire into Hayward Case | summary
Holocaust scholar at heart of 'book burning' row | 'Book-burners' feared libel suit
Joel Hayward thesis: 'The Fate of Jews in German Hands' (zip file)
The Fate of Joel Hayward in New Zealand Hands: From Holocaust Historian to Holocaust? Part I | Part II
© Focal Point 2003 e-mail:  write to David Irving