Monday, February 26, 2001
Demands Gestapo Files Released
By Robert Jablon
Associated Press Writer
(AP) -- Congress on Monday
was urged to demand the release of U.S.
intelligence files on Gestapo chief Heinrich
Müller to determine if he was ever in U.S.
custody. "I would like to know if the United States
had him and let him go," said Rabbi Marvin
of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, a Jewish
group. Hier said about 500
pages of CIA files on Müller are to be
released in the next few weeks.
he said the center will ask Congress to press for
the declassification of files from all security
agencies, including the FBI and military. "The
victims of the Holocaust deserve to know the
truth," Hier said. "If you have the documents, make
them all public."
Müller was one of the most feared Nazis of
the Third Reich. He was at the 1942 [Wannsee]
conference where the "final solution" of
exterminating Jews was planned and the Gestapo was
responsible for carrying out some of the worst
atrocities of the Nazi regime. Müller
disappeared after World War II and his fate is
shrouded in mystery.
There have been reports that he was a spy forthe
Soviet Union's client states, that he turned up in
Brazil and that he killed himself at the end of the
war. In 1999, 128 pages
of U.S. Army counterintelligence documents on
Müller were made public. They included an
index card from 1961 noting that a man with
Müller's birth date and war record had been
held in 1945 in Altenstadt, a U.S. camp for German
civilians located in Bavaria.
Another intelligence report, from 1960,
concluded: "It is more likely that at the end of
the war, Müller fled and now lives either
inside or outside Germany under a false name."
Eli Rosenbaum, director of the Justice
Department's Nazi-hunting Office of
SpecialInvestigations, said U.S. intelligence files
simply show that attempts to trace Müller were
unsuccessful. "I wouldguess that he died in the
last days of the war," he said.
Efraim Zuroff, the Wiesenthal Center's
coordinator of Nazi war crimes research, agrees
"there's no proof" that Müller was in U.S.
"There's no question that some really big fish
got away. But in this case, it's a shark," he said
in a telephone call from Efrat, Israel.
.© Copyright 2001 Associated Press
Related documents on this website:
New Questions Arise on
Fate of Gestapo Chief
16, 1999: U.S. Doubted Gestapo Chief
26, 2001: Group Demands Gestapo Files
1, 2013: Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller
"buried in Jewish mass grave"