of General H H 'Hap' Arnold
1944 | diary
1945 | diary
TRIP TO EUROPE
March 31, 1945 --
March 31, 1945
Washington to Bermuda.
Arnold, Beebe, Peterson, Proctor,
Lindsay, Marquardt, Darby and
- 1st Pilot -- Major Dice
- Co-Pilot -- Major Conde
- Navigator -- Captain Wagner
- Radio Operator -- M/Sgt.
- Engineer -- M/Sgt. Ranger
- Engineer -- M/Sgt. Lueck
Took-off 2:35 P.M.
Arrived Bermuda 6:30.
Distance -- 830 miles Good trip -- no
Bermuda looked wonderful in P.M. Rich
colors -- vivid contrasts.
April 1, 1945
Rode over island -- very interesting.
Lots of Easter lilies, bananas, coral
rocks, coral houses, white and clean. Many
different color flowers.
Whites and blacks.
Took the bunch to church -- very high
Episcopal. They didn't like it.
Received invitation to lunch with Lord
Burghley. No soap. Wanted us to sit in his
pew, but was afraid I might have to read
the text as George Marshall did last
Rode out to end of point -- beautiful
view. Guide was Burghley's Naval Aide
Then to Government House and awaited
Governor's return from other church. He
has to visit all of them it seems on
Church Days, Lord and Lady Burghley
arrived after about 3/4 hour. He was
Olympic hurdler 1924-'28 and '32 and Los
Angeles. Finalist all 3 competitions.
Winner in 1928.
Government Home grounds very beautiful
Took movies of everything from flowers to
rare animals and birds.
Water scarce -- no rain and below
normal for winter.
Orve Anderson here With B-17 awaiting
hop-off to England.
We all took-off about 6:30.
April 2, 1945
2060 miles to Lagens Field, Azores.
Dinner aboard at 7:00, after winning 4
bits from Gene Beebe. Bed at 8:00 which is
10:00 Azores time.
Rather bumpy during night but slept
Awoke at 6:15 -- shaved, washed and
ready to land at 6:45 A.M. Azores
Took-off 8:05 Azores time. Distance to
Paris 1,730 statute miles.
Regulations require we go via Lands
A.D. Smith not on Lagena -- over on
Left Azores with not much to see --
except miles of sea.
Weather good until French coast at
Brest. Overcast solid. Went through and
First saw Versailles. Evidences of
bombing around all factories -- railroad
yards -- airfields -- many buildings
knocked flat. Eiffel Tower stood out like
a sore thumb.
Paris as a whole looked good.
French refugees streaming back in all
kinds of funny clothes. --
Spaatz, Anderson, Hoag, and Hank Pool
met us at airdrome.
Went to Ritz with Tuey ['Tooey'
Spaatz] and Hank Pool. Talked with
bunch until dinner at 8:15 French time.
Dinner with Hank, Tuey [Spaatz]
Patton was asked by Tuey
[Spaatz], "Don't you worry about
getting so far out? What about your
Patton: "No worry. The AAF takes care
of my flanks."
Tuey [Spaatz]: "But how about
your supplies -- your logistics? Don't you
worry about that?"
Patton: "Not a bit, I have my G-4. He
worries about my logistics. He has fainted
3 times today so far."
This during the big push beyond the
To bed at 9:10 in a wonderful suite at
the Ritz on the Place Vendôme.
April 3, 1945
The Doc must have given me a slug for I
didn't awaken until 8:15.
Have a war room right next to me in
hotel for daily presentation.
Weather today -- good.
Tuey [Spaatz] arrived at
At 11:00 we -- Tuey [Spaatz],
Hank, Marquardt, and I -- left for D-12
Took B-25 and went to Rheims.
Paris is a sorry city. Stores closed up
mostly. Scars from street battles --
factories bombed out and scars in
neighborhood off other bombs. People not
badly dressed and look well fed -- trying
to make a lot out of a little. De Gaulle
trying to make a victorious nation out of
one whose divisions have not won a fight.
Calling on the wide world for
representation at the peace table, when,
after we have given him equipment and
supplies by the 100 millions, only one
French Division has crossed the Rhine and
that was a Moroccan.
There is no apparent shortage of food
anywhere. The cattle and horses are fat
and well kept. The fields are all tilled
and there should be a bumper crop. The
Germans did not destroy fruit trees or
farmhouses. and yet we -- Americans --
will be called upon to feed the starving
Rheims airport shows the results of our
war efforts. We surely bombed it to death,
destroying all buildings and many German
Had lunch with Eisenhower, Tuey
[Spaatz] and Ike's British Aide
[Kay Summersby?]. After lunch Ike,
Tuey [Spaatz] and I talked Ike's
- A Department of National Defense
with 3 equal parts -- ground, sea and
air. Common supply for all articles
used by all three. Must have to cut
- Air, ground and naval forces of
size required to do job -- not a size
based upon money.
- Universal military service of l
- British ownership of island bases
to prevent our altruistic Americans
from giving the people freedom or
returning them to Japan or
- Support aviation must be part of
ground force .
- Naval air limited to carrier and
Saw Beadle [Bedell] Smith for a
few moments. Hank and Gil went thrugh the
gigantic 3,000,000 bottle champagne cellar
of what used to be Mumrus. He was a German
-- is now in Germany.
Left Tuey [Spaatz] at his
headquarters at Rheims and returned to
Met my crowd for drinks in my room
before dinner. Tomorrow they split up and
go on their various trips.
Dinner with Hank and Gil.
Played gin rummy for 1/2 hour.
Bed at 9:30 after being in bed resting
for 2 hours before dinner and sleeping for
April 4, 1945
Awakened at 8:15. Temperature 44
degrees. Clear sky -- most of flags down
from around the Place de Vendôme.
None on Napoleon's statue.
Ike very certain as to War's end. Only
fly in ointment is the unthinkable,
impossible Russians holding back.
Ike has no ideas as to what more air
can do. It is doing everything possible.
He is most enthusiastic about air
Ike wants to go to his 30th reunion in
June. I told him that he could have as
many C-54s as necessary to take members of
his class. He will go -- arrive
I have just been told that the suite I
am occupying was used by Goering on his
visits to town. I have looked around but
have found no evidence .
Had conference with Fred Anderson, Bob
Harper, P. L. Williams and Louis
Very satisfactory information from
Our Troop Carriers took 250,000 gallons
of gas to troops last Friday, and over
500,000 last Saturday..
Talked over our redeployment and the
part Airborne and T.C. would play in
Pacific and Post War. Cable to
After lunch with Brereton, P. L.
Williams and Hank Pool, took rest for 2+
German prisoner of war -- Fay -- then
was brought in by General McDonald. He has
landed a brand new ME at Frankfurt -- was
a test pilot for Messerschmidt -- was
tired of war. 262 to go to Dayton.
Fay gave some information re: interior
Germany -- railroads gone -- factories
destroyed -- no oil -- best pilots killed
-- no experience in squadrons -- bomber
pilots flying jets without sufficient
training -- war can't continue for more
than 2 or 3 weeks -- all organized
resistance will be gone then.
Took auto ride through Paris to St.
Cloud -- Versailles. Paris was not hit
hard by our bombs -- factories, airports,
railroad yards destroyed -- but very
little else. Germans did no destruction.
French in Paris are not starving -- no
evidence of malnutrition in any part of
Paris. Horses well fed and fat -- goats
grazing -- which would not be if people
Lines at bakeries and butcher shops --
about 24 maximum. A lot of bunk re helping
Had Woolly for dinner.
Versailles very unkempt -- water gone
from pools -- grass end trees need
attention. French people apathetic.
Bed at 9:20.
April 5, 1945
Up at 7:30.
Breakfast at 8:00 with
[journalist] Lowell Thomas -- 8
other commentators here. Left hotel for
airport at 9:15 -- took-off for Frankfurt
at 10:00 via Aachen, Bonn, Cologne,
Aachen almost completely destroyed --
Düren a mass of wreckage --
Cologne -- terrible -- 2 bridges over
Rhine down -- thousands of houses a mass
Bomb craters everywhere.
Abandoned trucks, tanks, and trenches.
By passes for destroyed bridges .
Bonn -- not destroyed as much but
bridge down -- 2 pontoon bridges being
used. Balloons to protect pontoon bridges.
Bridges down all along Rhine -- barges and
tugs all sunk. A few hundred feet away
from Rhine all peaceful and quiet -- no
sign of war Coblenz not so badly hurt, but
quite badly at that. Frankfurt -- a big
city -- railroad yards and airports a
shambles -- runways pock-marked and
unusable. The balance of the field filled
with craters. Such was the field S.W. of
town we were told to land on. 2,000,
3,000, 4,000 men -- trucks -- bulldozers
working on it. It was impossible. We went
to one S.E. of town. There we saw a good
runway -- several of our 46s and 47s and a
B-17 but radio told us to go to the
airport 66 miles S. of the first one we
saw -- so away it went.
Our flight had taken us over the front
where ground troops were slugging it out
to capture the encircled Germans -- from
Cologne to S. of Coblenz -- and yet not a
single German plane. The impotent G.A.F.,
made so by our air power.
On the airport where we landed was a
runway marked by flags -- 15 or more
transports lined up nose to tail. Had
delivered their supplies and were now
taking on wounded -- but of all things as
many German wounded as our own. No nation
in the world, probably would have done
such a thing. Leave the Huns there to die
-- get our boys back, but we must clean
out the Huns to make room for ours. So it
goes -- 6 Americans -- 4 Huns.
Transports -- puddle jumpers --
fighters and our B-25 landing on a strip
that was so short that in spite of
excellent piloting, we stopped just 30
feet from the end.
Met by B. G. Barcus -- cars awaiting
but I had to go over to see the wounded
being put in the transports.
The airport was but 15 miles from the
front, but the transports came and went
unmolested by German aircraft.
The Autobahn is a wonderful road. There
is a perfect net of them extending in
almost all directions, connecting all
important centers. We set out for the one
German A.F. barracks scarred -- damaged
-- destroyed by our bombing. Machine shops
a mass of debris -- but in the woods --
almost miles away from the airport were
airplanes, bombs, gasoline and repair
hangars. Concealed from above -- all
accessible to the airport. Some of the
planes undamaged -- others destroyed by
the Germans -- still others hit by our own
Bridges over Autobahn blown up -- but
we ran along to Patch's Headquarters at
60. There we met Patch, Hank Arnold, and
who should come in but Eisenhower, Spaatz,
Webster. All had lunch in Darmstadt as
guests of Barcus.
Ike said he was feeling war. It had
taken a lot out of him but he forced
himself to go on and would until whole
mess was cleaned up. Gave Hank his two
boxes but we don't need to worry about
liquor for him. He captured a German
warehouse with case after case of scotch,
brandy, benedictine and Cointreau. He is
set for the balance of war -- also has a
German radio. Eisenhower and Spaatz took
off for Reims after lunch. I went with
Hank Arnold and Marquardt to Frankfurt to
Darmstadt -- Frankfurt a mass of
rubble, Germans look well fed and fairly
well clothed Autobahn made trip very easy
-- passed many convoys -- German parks for
planes near airports. Bombs and gasoline
Patton unchanged. His headquarters in
old German barracks. Says there is nothing
in front of him -- could go right on
Through and join up with Russians
tomorrow, but headquarters is holding him
in present position until the First Army
on his left and the Seventh Army on his
right catches up.
German sniper shot at one of his staff
right in his headquarters even
Completely destroyed a town in his
front yesterday because guerrillas refused
to surrender. Burned it down.
Back over Autobahn to airport near
Darmstadt. Took off in rain for Paris.
Note attached -- Order of Patton's
Brought Hank back to Paris with me.
Arrived at hotel at 6:45. In bed at
7:05 -- up at 8:15 for dinner. Gave Hank
50 bucks to see Paris with Hank Pool.
In bed for night at 9:30 -- dinner with
Hank Pool and Hank Arnold.
April 6, 1945
Up at 7:30. Nothing scheduled for day.
Breakfast with Hank Arnold.
Hank is living in Himmler's suite -- 2
bed rooms, etc., etc., -- l bed 8 x 8.
My bed room is tremendous. My bathroom
is large. The bath tub is extra large --
it is made of porcelain. Goering must have
sat down with a thud for the porcelain is
German will to fight is going. Our
airmen shot down behind German lines come
back through the lines and rejoin their
units. One of them brought back the entire
AA Battery that shot him down. He was a
Norwegian. Loafed all day. In P.M. rode to
Bois de Boulogne and walked about 2 miles.
Then on to Nôtre Dame, which has
most of its stained glass windows removed.
Louvre looks abandoned and badly in need
of repair on outside -- did not go
Upon coming out of Nôtre Dame,
there were quite a bunch of GIs waiting to
get pictures. I stopped and two nurses
came up and asked to be photoed with me.
One had been in England and France 26
months and one 18 months.
Returned to hotel -- arrived at
Hal Bowman walked with me and I
outlined his new job.
General Legge, Military Attaché
from Switzerland, came in for a few
moments and I told him, upon his
requesting it and saying what a fine thing
it would be, that when I got to Cannes I
would tell him if and when I could go to
Switzerland for one day -- have lunch with
Swiss C. of S.and C.O., Aviation and
smooth their ruffled feathers for our
bombing their towns.
In bed at 9:30.
April 7, 1945
Up at 7:45 after a fine night's
Delayed in departing for Luxemburg
until 10:15. We flew over a lot of the old
war front. Arrived Luxemburg 20 minutes
late. Spaatz, Vandenberg, Weyland,
Quesada, Stearley and lots of others
We went at once with military escort,
and it is needed because there are still
German snipers around, to the Athletic
Bowl -- where we had a review and I
decorated 12 Air Forces officers with DSMs
and DFCs. Then to lunch with Bradley and
all of Van's officers.
To bed at 2 -- slept 45 minutes and up
Met Vandenberg and Spaatz at 3:45. Went
over Van's operations until 4:20. Press
conference at 4:30. Talked with radio
commentators at 5:00 Auto ride through
city [Luxemburg] -- crowd of 4,000
people awaiting at door -- quite an
ovation -- they like Americans.
City very clean -- very little battle
damage -- railroad yards a wreck and some
buildings nearby completely destroyed or
partially damaged -- one a church -- but
in general, city shows no signs of war but
for the soldiers. Built on top of hill and
up a deep ravine -- mostly of stone as
there is lots of it.
People look prosperous. Across Plaza
from hotel at station, large crowd of
people awaiting evacuees. When a
collaborator comes in, they beat him
nearly to death, with crowd yelling, "More
Bradley certain there is no organized
resistance in front of him. First wants to
destroy enemy in pocket, then move rapidly
forward. Thinks resistance will be over in
6 weeks or 2 months. Dinner with Van's
staff and Tuey [Spaatz].
Bed at 9:15.
April 8, 1945
Awakened at 7:00 -- up and shaved and
back to bed. Breakfast at 8:30.
Presentation by Bradley's staff (war
situation) at 9:15. Bradley has outlined a
line off Department P -- is already on
When pocket is reduced, all armies will
move forward. It looks as if pocket will
fall within 10 days, by armored elements
cutting through. Somewhere between 120,000
and 150,000 in pocket.
Bradley sees no organized effort
Wonders when Russians will move
Bradley, Simpson, Hodges, Patton and
many Corps and Division 0.0.8 have written
excellent letters to Spaatz and Vandenberg
re air's part in war.
Met many of Bradley's staff and
departed for airport at 10:20.
Said adios to Van and Tuey
[Spaatz] and with escort of 4
P--51s took off for Paris at 10:40.
Arrived Paris on a beautiful day at
Hank awaiting us on return as were
Beebe, Lindsay, Darby. Haven't seen Pete
or Proctor yet.
Lunch alone with Hank.
Bed at 1:45 -- up at 3:15.
Went out in car with Hank, Tom and Gil
to Bois de Boulogne. Saw Paris in Spring.
France without a care -- France with utter
disregard of war a few hundred miles away.
Men, women and children by the thousands
-- hundreds of thousands -- of all ages --
walking, riding bicycles, driving in
horsedrawn vehicles and in motor cars. Men
-- thousands of them of draft age.
The horse vans of the race track --
charcoal burning engines as well as
gasoline engines -- 50 thousand people at
the track. Many hundred bicycles outside
-- scores of autos parked outside -- then
the heterogeneous collection of antique
horse drawn vehicles that might well have
been collected from 1800 to date -- some
kinds and types that beggar description.
Paris in Spring -- Paris playing while the
war is on.
What kind of horses they had running I
do not know but the horses drawing the
coaches, barouches, tallyhos. etc., were
all in excellent condition.
Drove back to hotel and met Lindsay,
Beebe, Darby -- Pete end Proctor showed up
Dinner with all the bunch later, and to
bed at 9:15.
April 9, 1945
A kind of mixed up day -- nothing much
to do but everything was confused. I arose
at 7:45. Breakfast with the 2 Hanks, wrote
letters and had war presentation took a
walk for about an hour, and lunch with
Hank, Jr. In bed for 1.5 hours at
Barber, Tuey [Spaatz],
Anderson, Knerr awaiting me when I got up.
Had conference re future operations in
Europe and Pacific and future of AAF.
after getting a hair cut.
Message from Marshall showing his
concern over my well being.
Decided not to go to London. Sent
Beebe, Lindsay, Pool, Proctor, Peterson
and Darby. Sheffield, Marquardt and I go
Went for an auto ride through
Saw M. G. Osborne for a few
All the visits we have made and all the
reports from observers indicate that the
damage done by our bombers has been much
worse than that indicated by our photo
interpretation This must come out to the
W(e need someone who thinks of
presentations and it looks as if we will
have to have a new A-2 to do it --
Dinner with Hank [Arnold] and
Hank [Pool] and Woolly. Woolly in
In bed at 9:10.
April 10, 1945
Hank packed for me last night -- up at
7:45, prepared and signed letter to Nancy
Dill -- another to Jimmy Doolittle for his
command. Had breakfast with Hank and
Beebe. Gave them instructions re what to
do and say in London, Mix-up over Hank's
getting his plane to 45th Division but all
straightened out. He left before I was
halfway through talking to him. He finally
received one of the lost boxes -- reached
him yesterday. Got the bunch started for
London at 9:15.
We finally said goodbye and paid tips
to 200 more or less minions at the hotel.
One small boy fell down elevator shaft
(bell boy) and came out of it with nothing
worse than a bump on his head.
Finally got all baggage aboard a truck
-- started for airport and B-25.
Took-off at 10:40.
Wrote cable for Marshall -- I will send
from Cannes. Everything should be under
control -- I hope.
Clear day -- not a cloud in sky from
Paris to Mediterranean.
Alps beautiful at a distance.
Very little evidence of war.
Cannes and Nice are delightful towns
that remind one of Southern California.
Olive trees -- palms -- oranges --
wistaria -- bright sunshine and blue
Germans -- either to keep Italians busy
or to put up a real defense against us --
lined all main roads with concrete blocks
-- about 5 feet high and 4 feet on a side
-- shaped like a pyramid. They made
hundreds of thousands of them. Similarly
they placed these same pyramids in the
water just off-shore so as to prevent our
L.C.s from coming in. Mines were placed
everywhere on land and in the sea. They
are still exploding in spite of all the
We ars about 15 miles from the
French-German front lines and can hear
their morning and evening exchange of
heavy artillery very clear. Yesterday a
French destroyer, feeling the urge, went
in close to shore and we could hear their
salvos one after another.
We landed on a strip on the beach at
Nice. Were met by Commander Roserts
(ex-manager Mayflower Hotel), who runs all
recreation centers here on the Riviera for
the AAF. He guided us to Spaatz's villa
which is a grand one -- right on the shore
of the bay looking across to Cannes. Big
-- roomy -- with all furnishings specially
designed and made for villa, Specially
shaped lights -- furniture of the
modernistic type. One tile platform after
another dropping down to water -- an
outdoor bar between wings of house -- must
have cost $l50,000 for house and
furnishings. My suite has bed room, bath,
dressing room, clothes room, window 10
feet wide. Owned by a British lady of
wealth who married a Pittsburgh man. She
now lives in Palm Beach. The bar has a
modernistic picture of half nude men and
women of the Tahiti type -- in rear. We
landed at Nice at 12:50.
Had lunch (excellent) at 2:50. I was in
bed at 3:15 to 5:00.
Only drawback to place is stairs -- as
many as in our house at Ft. Myer. I am
restrained in my climbing. Stopped enroute
and checks made to see effects. So far
none -- will try two ascents a day under
Sat on tile terraces in grand chairs,
overlooking bay and city beyond until
dinnertime -- 7:30. In bed at 9:30.
French here are different, look poorly
dressed and I am told have hard time
Guns still booming when I went to
April 11, 1945
Up at 7:30.
Clear blue skies.
Breakfast on the porch outside of my
bedroom -- warm and delightful.
Spent morning catching up on reports --
letters and doing nothing.
Spent time until lunch in sun on
balcony from my room.
Tattie Spaatz came over from Cannes
with 2 other Red Cross girls and 3
aviators to swim and enjoy the sunshine.
She looks fine -- is tall but has
mannerisms and looks a lot like Ruth. She
says the aviators are war happy pursuiters
who are goofy.
After lunch went to bed and stayed for
Got car and went for derive through
Cannes toward Marseilles.
Had excellent opportunity to see German
beach defenses -- dragon teeth all along
roads and under water along all probable
landing beaches. Barbed wire everywhere,
along land side of beaches as well as
strung between piles driven into sand
below low tide. Pill boxes so camouflaged
to conform to walls of houses at the most
unusual and unexpected places. All
crossroads covered by strong points all
made of heavy concrete. Gun positions also
built in to conform to walls and
Many buildings partially or completely
destroyed by bombs and gun fire -- bridges
out. The villa I live in hit by many
machine gun bullets.
Messengers from Spaatz with cables from
Marshall at villa on return Bradley told
me, and repeated that he was very glad
that he did not have Brereton as his
Tactical Air Conmander, He considered
Vandenberg so much better. There was no
comparison between them.
I am hoping to get [Pete]
Quesada as A-2 and Jimmy Doolittle as C.O.
Materiel to take Knudmen's place.
Perhaps Vandenberg to take over A-I. I
will talk these things over when I get
back -- Eaker will be most interested -- a
month will make no difference for most of
these changes We have in the meantime the
following staffs to augment and to
- AAF -- Washington.
- Giles -- Pacific.
The only source is from European
theater. My suggestion is McNarney take
over Air Force Occupation Command and we
use such officers as are available.
Cannes is such a restful place to think
Tuey [Spaatz] and Doolittle due
here tomorrow Dinner at 730.
In bed at 9:30.
April 12, 1945
Showers this morning. Up at 7:30.
Showers continued all morning.
Wrote a few reports and a letter and
played cribbage. Had lunch upstairs after
In bed 1:30 -- up at 3:15. Went for a
walk with Tom. Ran into a hill and being
afraid of results, if I climbed it, went
back to get jeep.
On way back met 3 bus loads of GIs
taking tour. They had stopped on point of
peninsula to see gorgeous view.
As I was walking past, one recognized
me and asked, "Can I take your picture?"
"Then can I have my picture taken with
Then from inside bus, "Jesus -- a five
When we reached top of hill we saw a
general layout of magnificent estates like
Santa Barbara, but all run down and
unkempt. This section was certainly a most
beautiful part of the country once.
We walked for a mile or so, when
Marquardt arrived in car. We then took-off
for Nice via the coast road. Mile after
mile of German defense works. Had not our
air not laid a carpet of bombs over the
shore line and neutralized these works and
positions, the doughboys would have had a
difficult, if not impossible job. The
strong gun positions and pill boxes are so
colored and outlined as small houses and
garages that they can't be recognized for
their true place in the defense until one
is right on top of them.
We returned from Nice by the back
country. It looks just like Pennsylvania
or Vermont or any other place, except the
Germans in their retreat destroyed all
bridges and put in many trenches.
Returned to villa and awaited Spaatz
and Doolittle. They got in at 7:30. Dinner
at 8:30 -- music -- Tattie Spaatz and her
Red Cross pals. I left table at 9:30 and
went to bed.
April 13, 1945
Up at 7:30.
Marquardt came in and told me that
President Roosevelt was dead.
That may be a calamity of a kind and
extent the people of' the U.S. do not
realize. I hope not.
Story from Doolittle. A B-17 came in
shot to pieces -- hit by aerial rocket and
one could not understand how it could stay
together in the air. The entire tail
section almost severed from the rest of
Doolittle, in order to say something --
it was one of those moments -- when the
tail gunner crawled out, "You were in
there when the ship was hit?"
The tail gunner (a little red-headed
tough guy) said, "Yes, sir, all the
Doolittle passed on.
The other officers heard the tail
gunner say, "Where in the hell did the
bald headed bastard think I was -- selling
peanuts in Brooklyn."
One of the other crewmen said, "That
was General Doolittle."
The tail gunner said, "I know -- I have
seen his pictures,"
With Spaatz and Doolittle discussed
proper procedure of events as a result of
President's death. Decided upon message to
go to Mrs. Roosevelt and that if possible
Quesada could be Aide to President.
Started wheels to make it possible.
Decided to have an officer come from
European theatre once each week, to make
air presentation, as there are so many
interpretations and evaluations that we
miss in the U.S.
Decided that, after talking over with
Baker, the following officers should come
- Fred Anderson to A-l.
- Harmon to Spaatz.
- Cabell to Air Plans.
- Kuter to Giles.
- Doolittle to replace Knudsen.
- Vandenberg to A-3.
- Kepner to replace Doolittle.
- Larson to Doolittle.
- O. Peck to replace Larson.
- J. Parker to Doolittle.
- Lawrence (15) to replace
- McNarney to take over Air C-in-C to
CG, American Troops in Europe.
- Cannon to take over 9th Air Force
Decided that we should have war
experienced Air Force in U.S. after war
rather than 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th -- perhaps
8th, 12th, 15th, 10th. Will take up with
Spaatz wants me to return to Washington
and by working only part time -- to get
the Air Force back in the sun again. I am
of the opinion that I would only make an
invalid of myself if I returned before
Eaker and the men whom I am getting from
Spaatz. I realize that there is much spade
work to be done right now -- with a new
President and the war in Germany coning to
a close. I cannot see my way clear to
deliberately ruin myself again physically,
when there is so little chance of
permanent change in Air Force
I will wait and see what is being done
and to be done before making my
Tuey [Spaatz] and Jimmy left
Good lunch -- too much good food
Usual Monday rest from 1:15 to
Went up hill in auto and then for a
walk. Visited a few of the large mansions
on the hill. All very expensively built
and furnished but none occupied. The one
used by Eisenhower is owned by a Major
Allen of New York. He and his wife used it
for 2 years, and haven't seen it since, It
was built 1937-39, He has a caretaking
detachment of 4 French. The property looks
in fine shape in contrast to others that
are overgrown -- edges need trimming --
lawns are tangles of underbrush -- walks
and lanes are overgrown with grass, etc.,
The walk was quite long and I was tired
when I got back to villa.
Had cocktails -- dinner as usual well
prepared and too much food.
Tom played the piano and sang some of
his Yale songs after dinner. Bed at