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October 17, 1999

Not that List after all

Schindler's Letters Reveal Fears


STUTTGART, Germany (AP) -- Oskar Schindler wrote in letters that were found in a friend's suitcase that he feared a resurgence of anti-Semitism in Germany after World War II, a newspaper reported Sunday, the 25th anniversary of his death.

But a list, also found in the case, was probably not the original list of Jews Schindler named to work in his factory, an expert said Sunday at Israel's Holocaust memorial, Yad Vashem, in Jerusalem.

The newspaper, Stuttgarter Zeitung, reported that the list was the original, in which Schindler named 1,200 people at the Plaszow concentration camp for employment at his factory in Krakow, southern Poland. He gave that list to the Nazi SS.

However Mordechai Paldiel, director of the memorial's department that researches and honors Gentiles who saved Jews in the Holocaust, said the list was "not really a discovery," based on what he had seen from the newspaper's photographs.

Paldiel said the list in the paper looked like a carbon copy typed at the same time the one at the memorial was typed. But he said he still wanted to see it to be sure.

A second list, the one that appears in Steven Spielberg's 1993 film "Schindler's List," was created a month before the war ended. Schindler made that list with fictitious jobs for each worker to convince the SS that they were vital to the war effort, saving them from near-certain death in concentration camps. Yad Vashem has a copy of that list.

The newspaper obtained the so-called original list and the other documents from a Stuttgart couple, relatives of close friends of Schindler, who found the suitcase containing the papers.

Stuttgarter Zeitung said it planned to give the suitcase to Yad Vashem.

Paldiel said some of the documents could explain more about how Schindler was able to save the Jews in his factory.

In the suitcase were also letters sent to and from Schindler in the 1940s, '50s and '60s.

Schindler was involved with the de-Nazification effort after the war, and was threatened for having turned in former Nazis. In a 1948 letter, Schindler warned of a new anti-Semitism developing in Germany, the paper reported.

"This anti-Semitism is today more strongly felt than in the time before the war," he wrote.

Related item:

Mrs Schindler claims the suitcase

The above news item is reproduced without editing other than typographical

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